Aggression of patients towards the employees of the National Emergency Medical System

Original Article, Pol J Public Health 2017;127(3): 109-112


Division of Teaching and Outcomes of Education, Faculty of Health Sciences, Medical University of Warsaw, Poland
Student Research Society for Medical Law, Warsaw Medical University, Poland
Independent Public Children’s Teaching Hospital in Warsaw, Poland

DOI_disc_logo 10.1515/pjph-2017-0023 

© 2017 Medical University of Lublin. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonComercial-No Derivs licence (


Introduction. The organizational structure of the National Emergency Medical system ensures the health of citizens. Unfortunately, patients present dangerous behaviors, thereby damaging the safety of workers during medical emergencies. Aggression and violence, in spite of the widespread perception of it as a negative phenomenon undermining the individual’s health, is an indispensable part of everyday life and work environment.
Aim. The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of acts of aggression that led to violence, and the types of occurrence of this phenomenon, which influenced the staff of the National Emergency Medical system.
Material and methods. The study was conducted in 2015/2016 among the employees of the National Emergency Medical system in Lublin, Puławy and Zamość; the research tool was a questionnaire survey.
Results. On the basis of the conducted research, it can be concluded that the employees of the National Emergency Medica system are, to a large extent, exposed to acts of aggression on the part of patients. Almost all the employees of the Accident & Emergency Units (98.2%) and almost all the employees of the Medical Rescue Teams (98.3%) encountered aggression from the
Conclusion. There observed a phenomenon of aggression as well as verbal and physical violence on the part of patients towards health care workers. Alcohol and drugs increased both verbal and physical aggression among patients. 

Employees of the National Emergency Medical system have indicated aggression as an intrinsic element in the work environment.

Keywords: aggression, verbal aggression, physical aggression, safety, medical rescue.

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